Geronimo began his long career as a guerrilla, military leader and general pain in the bums of two countries in 1851, after his wife and three children were killed by Mexican soldiers.
With a force of around 200 men he waged a small-scale war on Mexican troops and settlers, who had annexed Apache land.
When the US won the Mexican-American War they took control of New Mexico and Arizona, forcing the indigenous Apaches out.
Geronimo led attacks on white settlers between 1857 and 1886. In 1877 he was captured by authorities and sent to the San Carlos reservation, which he escaped in 1881 and continued his campaign. At one point 5,000 troops (representing about a quarter of the US army at the time) were hunting Geronimo.
Geronimo eventually surrendered in 1886 and spent the rest of his life as a prisoner of war.
His last words in 1909 were 'I should never have surrendered. I should have fought until I was the last man alive.'