"What is this great task for which I, Deep Thought, the second greatest computer in the Universe of Time and Space, have been called into existence?"
Deep Thought is a computer created by a race of pan-dimensional, hyper-intelligent beings (often appearing in our 3rd dimension as mice) in order to calculate the answer to life, the universe and everything - ultimately turning out the answer for 42. Deep Thought then goes on to argue that the reason why the answer doesn't appear to make any sense is due to the fact that its creators have "never actually known what the question was" and subsequently designing another, even more powerful computer to calculate the question. This computer is called The Earth and is often mistaken for a planet.
In 2010, a group of scientists set about dreaming up a supercomputer powerful to process massive amounts of data on "all aspects of life, human economic activity, climate, and other physical processes on the planet Earth" in order to essentially predict the future. So ... life, the universe and everything, then?
Weirdly, this project was called the Living Earth Simulator Project. Even more weirdly, it lost out on funding to a project called the Human Brain Project - a project dedicated to mapping the brains of both humans and mice.