has known countless traitors, usurpers, double agents and assassins.
Many of these operated under the basis that might makes right. Or
through the oft-misguided belief that their cause was just.
these traitors would fail in their schemes or if they did succeed,
would re-write history to justify their behaviour.
sometimes when a supposed traitor speaks out against a ruler or the
state, or takes direct action that is deemed to be traitorous, they
are later vindicated by the course of events that followed. This
could either be a short time after their act of “treachery”, or
centuries later and with the benefit of hindsight.
of the people on this list are 'good' men (and in a few cases, quite
the opposite), but when they chose to betray their country, comrades
or leaders, they made the correct call.
than looking at traitors who were later exonerated in the eyes of the
law, these are traitors who were actually proven right by history
10. Athens Needed To Be More Like Sparta To Survive - Socrates
being one of the most famous of all philosophers (at least in terms
of name recognition), Socrates left little of his own work behind.
470 B.C., what we do know of him comes from records of his life
written by others, such as his most famous student, Plato.
operated through question and debate. While this helped him to find
the answers he sought, more often than not, it also rubbed people the
paradoxical style of questioning usually left the Athenian ruling
classes bemused and ultimately belittled, and Socrates wasn't afraid
to take them to task in full view of the public.
Socrates had no qualms about challenging the status quo. Critical of
Athens' conduct in the Peloponnesian War, and displaying admiration
for her hated enemy Sparta, Socrates made a lot of powerful enemies.
did not want Sparta and its allies to defeat Athens, rather he wanted
his home city to be more like her enemies, in order to secure
victory. But his criticisms were misinterpreted -perhaps
deliberately- as being contrary to Athens' best interests.
war with Sparta turned against Athens, Socrates became a scapegoat.
In a show trial, he was found guilty of impiety and corrupting the
minds of the youth. Socrates was sentenced to death, and ordered to
though they claimed to cherish democracy and free speech, the
Athenians condemned Socrates to death... for exercising his right to
free speech. In doing so, they proved his criticisms correct.
had set in, and Athens was replaced as the pre-eminent power in
Greece by the smaller and seemingly less sophisticated Spartans that
Socrates so admired.