10. Alfred Nobel - Dynamite
Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. The man for whom the peace prize is named after invented dynamite. Not only that, the original name for his super peace loving invention was 'Alfred Nobel's Safety Powder'; one of the greatest misnomers since the Reliant Robin.
Wanting to devise a safer explosive, another brilliant misnomer, Nobel created dynamite as a less volatile substitute to nitroglycerin, and if you've ever played Crash Bandicoot you know how volatile that stuff is.
A life long pacifist, Nobel believed that that the creation of dynamite would sicken the world into never starting another war again, stating: “My dynamite will sooner lead to peace than a thousand world conventions. As soon as men will find that in one instant, whole armies can be utterly destroyed, they surely will abide by golden peace.” And as we know from our two centuries of unbroken peace his plan worked out.
It seems Nobel only had a change of perspective when, after his brother Ludvig died in 1888, Alfred's obituary was accidentally published instead: in the face of being referred to by a French newspaper as 'the merchant of death', he became concerned for his legacy. And indeed Alfred Nobel managed to change how he was remembered, setting aside the vast majority of his wealth to be distributed as prizes for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and the establishment or furtherment of peace – though he did not think the Nobel Peace Prize would accomplish any tangible peace. He was really betting on dynamite.